One of the most important issues between Mexico and the United States is the modernization and strengthening of their mechanisms for operation in terms of educational interchange, innovation and research, in order to cooperate more efficiently for the benefit of scholars by expanding economic opportunities for both Mexican and American citizens and increase hemispheric integration. It is imperative to promote greater access for the traditionally unattended, particularly in academic specializations in science, engineering and technology, and to finance any other project or program, for individuals and organizations, which are of mutual interest to the bilateral relationship. Mexico has undergone an Education Reform of great value for the North American region, for the medium and long term, because this will magnify this region and will make the country more competitive in a global environment and with better trained students. Any actions that aid for the Mexican economy to be stronger such as this reforms, is something relevant to the United States, especially in issues of education. Any kind of investment in education is a long term investment, it is important to acknowledge that the results are not necessarily immediate, hence the importance that both governments have a state policy towards education.

The U.S. and Mexican governments, private sector, academia and civil society, must all work in coordination as a key element for the strategic priorities of economic and commercial exchange, job creation, growth and overall competitiveness of North America. Moreover, it is of great importance to link higher education institutions in the United States and Mexico to support innovation and wider economic prosperity. To develop a shared vision of educational integration and cooperation is vital for the region in the global economy of the twenty-first century, create synergies between academia, and promote student mobility. The commitment and interest of higher education institutions in United States have been present in Mexico for many years, Mexico´s close and complex relationship with the United States provides a rich environment for exchange, and moreover, cooperation around higher education has long been an important element in the binational agenda.

One particularly remarkable historical trend in the modern era is the movement towards globalization; in education, we see a progressive homogenization due to migration, temporary employment aboard, tourism, amongst others that provide a direct and immediate familiarity with foreign models of education. A global language appears, English has been adopted for professional communication in science, technology and business, which reinforces unification between countries. All these multidimensional changes have led to launch a vast array of projects supporting cultural and educational interchange between Mexico and the United States. Simply, in the globalized world, the story flows accordingly, new agents, new treaties and mechanisms and new directions in this important subject, such as education and its exchange, cannot be ignored. There has been significant progress in terms of universal exchange and access to education, thus, equity and fairness issues are not only related to access to educational services, but also to the quality of the services to which students achieve and the allocation of public resources to finance education appears severely limited by the constraints due to the pressure of politics in both countries. Scientific and technological quality education is a pending challenge, as it still has not been adequately incorporated into all levels of education. This challenge is of prime importance given the need to contribute to the training of competent citizens acting reflexively in a society marked by growing changes in science and technology. The reality of education in the region demonstrates that there is still a long way to go to achieve full participation and equality of opportunity in education, but definitely we are on the right path.

To achieve this end, it is imperative that educational policies are geared to strengthening public education, by doing so; greater equality and more inclusive and equitable societies can be reached in the short term, creating conditions to improve competition with private schools of both countries. The challenge is latent, the changes needed are profound and require a thorough analysis, as this changes does not recognize borders, we must develop our education system and mold our reality to building a more just and equitable world.

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