Immigration

Estimated number (in millions) of undocumented immigrants in the United States

Cap of H1B visas awarded each year.

Number of Yearly legal crossings of the U.S.-Mexico Border (in millions)

Length in KM of the U.S.-Canada border. Longest in the world.

U.S.-Mexico migration is driven by a series of factors, including poverty in Mexico, the difference in wages between the two countries, and the existence of family and community networks that facilitate the arrival of new immigrants. In the last few years, the economic conditions in the United States and the rising Mexican Economy has caused a reversal on the immigration trends to the point that the current rate is zero or even negative.

The framework of U.S. immigration law has largely remained the same since 1965. Meanwhile, the economy and the demo-graphics of the United States have changed. The U.S. economy needs both high-skilled and low-skilled immigrant workers to remain competitive and to have enough workers to continue to fund through their wages important programs such as Social Security and Medicare as the U.S. population grows older. Nonetheless, there are currently very few channels for immigration to the United States for work-related reasons under current law.


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